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Li Jinjin’s Team Published Review Article in Physics Reports

September 17, 2021      Author:

Recently, the team led by special researcher Li Jinjin from , School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering published a review article titled “Machine learning accelerates quantum mechanics predictions of molecular crystals” in Physics Reports, a top physics journal. This work presented the recent progress in QM theories, fragment-based methods, ML methods and several ML-based software programs and applications on the molecules system, providing a new platform and insightful ideas for ML methods in accelerating QM prediction, optimization and novel crystal material design.

Quantum mechanics (QM) approaches (DFT, MP2, CCSD(T), etc.) is important to calculating molecules and crystals with a high accuracy and acceptable efficiency. As artificial intelligence technologies advance in recent years, machine learning (ML) has played an increasingly essential role in accelerating the QM calculations and predictions of molecular crystals, as well as the discovery of novel materials. This review provides state-of-the-art information and prospects for QM theories, fragment-based methods and ML methods, as well as their up-to-date applications in predicting small inorganic molecules, large drug molecules and relevant molecular crystals.

SJTU is the sole affiliation of this article; Han Yanqiang, a doctoral student of the Department of Micro/Nano Electronics, School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, is the first author; researcher Li Jinjin is the corresponding author. This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

 

 

Author: Department of Micro/Nano Electronics

SourceSchool of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, SJTU

Translated by Zhang Yue

 

 

 

ABSTRACT:

Quantum mechanics (QM) approaches (DFT, MP2, CCSD(T), etc.) play an important role in calculating molecules and crystals with a high accuracy and acceptable efficiency. In recent years, with the development of artificial intelligence technology, machine learning (ML) has played an increasingly essential role in accelerating the QM calculations and predictions of molecular crystals, as well as the discovery of novel materials. This review provides state-of-the-art information and prospects for QM theories, fragment-based methods and ML methods, as well as their up-to-date applications in predicting small inorganic molecules, large drug molecules and relevant molecular crystals. The discussed applications include ML potential energy surface (PES) construction, crystal structure prediction (CSP), chemical reaction prediction and predictions of a series of properties, such as structure, energy, atomic force, bond length, chemical shift, superconductivity, super-hardness, vibrational spectra, phase transition and diagram. This work also reviews recently built software and packages based on ML methods for property predictions and PES constructions in the field of physics and chemistry. For the three discussed methods, the most time-consuming one is the high-level all-atom QM method, which is capable of describing electronic structures with high accuracy and thus predicts properties that are consistent with the experimental results. The second fragment-based QM method requires less computational time than all-atom QM, which can accelerate all-atom QM calculations for large systems by dividing the entire system into subsystems, presenting a considerable efficiency increase. The computational complexities for fragment-based QM and all-atom QM are N - N2 and N5-N7 (N is the size of the system), respectively. A well-trained ML model can make the above predictions within seconds while ensuring a high prediction accuracy, where its prediction cost and accuracy are determined by the training data and the training process. Therefore, it is challenging for ML applications in physics and chemistry to generate highly accurate and powerful ML models while ensuring sufficient data sets. This work not only provides an overview of the recent progress in QM theories, fragment-based methods, ML methods and several ML-based software programs and applications on small inorganic molecules, large drug molecules and relevant crystals, but it is also expected to shed light on ML methods in accelerating QM prediction, optimization and novel crystal material design.