The State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites (SKLMMC) was established and passed the assessment in 1991, and was open in 1992. After years of development, the laboratory has become China's major base for composite materials research, which is mainly of metal matrix composites and the comprehensive development of polymer matrix composites and new functional composite materials.
There are 72 regular research personnels, including 43 professors (researchers), 22 associate professors (senior engineers), among which 59 persons have Ph.D. degree. There are one academician of the Academy of Sciences, five winners of National Outstanding Youth Foundation and six Cheung Kong Chair Professors of Ministry of Education.
The objective of laboratory is led by the high science and technology national defenses demand and important demand in fields of great significance. Fundamental and application researches are done on the advanced composites. For the fundamental researches, key theoretical and principal technical supports are provided. For the application researches, small batches and multi-kinds of materials are fabricated for both fields of great significance and civil application.
Zhang Di, Yan Deyue, Ding Wenjiang, Che Shunai, Wang Haowei, Sun Baode, Sun Kang, Zhang Fan, Zhu Xinyuan, Hu Wenbin, Ouyang Qiubao, Fan Tongxiang, Lu Qinghua, Lu Min, Zhang Deliang,Lv weijie, Yang Xiaohui, Yao Xing, Yin Jie, Wu Yixiong, Li Jinfu, Li Jianguo, Cui Yong, He Guo, Jin Zhaohui, Li Ming, Li Geyang, Liu Hezhou, Lu Chen, Ma Zifeng, Qian Xuefeng, Ren Cunji, Shen Wenzhong, Tang Xiaozhen, Wang Jun, Wang Min, Wang Qudong, Wang Xinlin, Wu Guohua, Yuan Guangyin, Zhang Yong, Zheng Hang, Zheng Sixun
In accordance with the great demand for lightweight, high-strength and multi-functional metal matrix composites in some important areas and national economic construction, we systemically carried out theoretical and applied researches of aluminum matrix composites. In theoretical researches, we established and improved a common theoretical system to solve the key scientific and technical problems in design, fabrication and processing of metal matrix composites. In applied researches, we have developed series of good-performance metallic matrix composite materials, some of them have replaced original imported materials, become one of irreplaceable key materials in some important national areas.
In this project we have totally published 265 academic papers, in which 189 papers were SCI-cited, have been authorized ten Chinese patents, have formulated an industry specification. Also we have obtained one second-class prize of the National Technical Invention Award, two second-class prizes of the National Science & Technology Progress Award, three first-class prizes of the Shanghai Science & Technology Progress Award, one National Outstanding Doctoral Dissertation Award, and one title of innovative research team of Ministry of Education.
The Morph-genetic materials and their composites are a group of novel materials templated from the nature bio-species microstructures. These multi-level, multi-scale, and multi-dimension structures are developed through millions of years of optimization from the nature evolution process. The original structures are faithfully inherited while their compositions are replaced by the desired functional materials. Hence, the obtained materials not only keep the subtle microstructures of the original bio-species, but have new functions that are offered by human beings.
The Morph-genetic research group has been working on this area in these years. We take the subtle, well organized, and well developed nature species as original templates. We use chemical and physical process to prepare various multi-level materials with different microstructures and functions. We studied the application of these materials on energy, national defense, environment, and optic-electrical materials. The obtained results show that the Morph-genetic materials and their composites break through the traditional idea for materials' design and fabrication. Through preparing different materials with same original templates, we can study the relationship among the composition, the unique structures, and the functions, which can offer predictive ideas to the future design for the new materials and structures. The results can also give principles and prototypes for designing future materials, which are perfect combinations of unique functions and structures.
We have applied and obtained 18 national invention patents. We have published more than 70 papers in those important international journals including Progress in Materials Science, Advanced Materials, Advanced Functional Materials, Chemistry of Materials, Journal of Materials Chemistry(IF=4.6). We have made more than ten special talks in international conferences and published three chapters in books. Our works have been selected for six times as international journals' cover story, for nine times as hot papers, and for six times been highlighted in international journals. We are reported, remarked, and cited as highlights for more than 600 times by important international scientific medias including NPG Asia Material, Nature China (four times), New Scientist (two times), ACS Press Release (two times), Discovery Channel News (two times), Science Daily (two times), Physorg, BBC Knowledge Magazine, MRS Bulletin, Photonic Spectra Magazine, MIT Technology Review, Biomass Energy Journal. We are cited by SCI international journals including Chemical Review, Nature Nano-technology, Nature Photonics for more than 500 times. We are remarked by journal editors including the Nature Materials editor for 30 times. We published an invited review paper in Progress In Materials Science. We were also broadcasted in TV by Canada Discovery Channel.
The synthesis methods invented by us have wildly accepted and become the classical metrologies for the syntheses of hyperbranched polymers. The self-assembly methods and concepts presented by us in the self-assembly of hyperbranched polymers have also been widely accepted and applied. These results have not only pushed forward the scientific developments of HBPs, but also established the foundation for the industrial application of HBPs. In this project we have totally published 47 SCI-cited papers in the journals such as Science, Prog. Polym. Sci., J. Am. Chem. Soc., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., Macromolecules, and has been authorized ten Chinese patents. These papers have been other-cited 1084 times, and the most-cited paper has 317 citations, which is the No. 17 paper among the 62 most cited papers from year 1998 to 2007 in China. The total other citation times of the eight representative papers is 525. One of our representative papers has been highlighted by Nature Materials. During the period of the project, we have been awarded the National Excellent Doctoral Dissertation of China for three times.
The work (Science 2004, 303, 65-67) has reported the self-assembly of macroscopic multiwall tubes from hyperbranched polymers, which demonstrates for the first time the macroscopic molecular self-assembly behavior in the lab level.
Signing ceremony for SJTU-ALCAN Joint Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites
In Jan.29, 2007 Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) and Alcan Corporation held the signing ceremony for SJTU-ALCAN Joint Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites in Shanghai.
Alcan is a transnational group corporation, the second biggest producer of aluminum in the world and enjoys great fame in the field of silicon carbide reinforced aluminum matrix composites. The SKLMMC has received remarkable achievements in basic researches on the interface, fabrication and processing, microstructure, property, and their relationships with each other in composite science. Furthermore, the SKLMMC has successfully developed different products made of aluminum-, titanium- and magnesium- matrix composites, and has provided many key materials to meet the strategic demands.
The Advanced Semiconductor Materials (ASM) Limited Corporation is famous for semiconductor manufacturing equipments in the world. Based on high academic reputation of our laboratory, the ASM Corporation and SJTU signed a R&D contract named "Environment -friendly, lightweight, high modulus and nose reducing aluminum matrix composites". In December, 2007, the unveiling ceremony of SJTU-ASM Corporation (Hong Kong) Joint Laboratory of Advanced Materials was held in Shanghai Jiao Tong University.
Signing ceremony of SJTU-MORGAN Crucible Joint Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites
In Dec.9, 2009, the signing ceremony of SJTU-MORGAN Crucible Joint Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites was held in the SKLMMC. Both sides expressed a good wish of long-term cooperation on a fair and mutually beneficial basis, and will together research and develop the techniques of advanced carbon materials and their application in the energy and environment fields.