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SJTU ITEWA Team Published Review Article in Nano Energy

March 26, 2021      Author:

Recently, the Innovative Team for Energy, Water & Air led by Professor Wang Ruzhu from the Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, School of Mechanical Engineering, published an interdisciplinary review article titled “Metal-organic frameworks for energy conversion and water harvesting: a bridge between thermal engineering and material science” in Nano Energy.

Aiming at bridging the gap of the design and application of adsorbent metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) between Applied Thermal Engineering (ATE) and Materials Science (MS), the team analyzes the applications of MOFs in refrigeration and air conditioning, energy conversion, air water intake, seawater desalination, etc., and puts forward the design requirements and evaluation indicators of MOFs materials. It also analyzes the possible problems of the application of MOFs materials in continuously-operating and scalable systems, and proposes possible challenges and corresponding solutions for its application in the market. Postdoctoral Tu Yaodong is the co-first author, and Prof. Wang Ruzhu is the responsible corresponding author.

 

 

The ITEWA team led by Professor Wang Ruzhu is committed to solving cutting-edge basic scientific problems and key technologies in the fields of energy, water, and air. It aims to achieve the overall solutions of material-device-system through cross-disciplinary research and promote breakthroughs in related fields. In recent years, they have published a series of interdisciplinary papers in international journals such as Joule, Energy & Environmental Science, Advanced Material, Angewandte Chemie-International Edition, ACS Central Science, Energy Storage Materials, and ACS Materials Letter.

 

Author: Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics

Source: School of Mechanical Engineering, SJTU

Translated by Zhang Yue

Proofread by Xiao Yangning, Fu Yuhe

 

ABSTRACT

Adsorption technologies for Heat Conversion (AHC) and Water Harvesting (AWH) hold great potential for energy management because they can utilize renewable energy or low-grade heat resources. A keystone for the successful implementation of these technologies is the properties of the adsorbent. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) show tremendous promise for these applications, owing to their high adsorption capacity and the possibility of target-specific design. However, there are several challenges to be solved, namely, low hydrothermal stability of MOFs, high cost, and complicated synthesis. The further progress of these technologies depends on the inter-disciplinary research in Applied Thermal Engineering (ATE) and Materials Science (MS) and close collaboration between these two scientific societies is required. In this review, we try to bridge the gap between ATE and MS scientists. To this purpose, the principles of AHC and AWH are described, the specific features of adsorbents needed for AHC and AWH are defined, and promising MOFs are considered. MOFs fabrication strategies and long-term reliability are viewed. Finally, we provide some perspectives on advanced MOFs promising for continuously-operating and scalable AHC and AWH systems.